Linux VMWare

Run Backtrack 3 in Windows with VMWare

This is a tutorial on how to run Backtrack 3 in windows using VMWare workstation.


Amazon “EC2” Elastic Compute Cloud

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (also known as “EC2”) allows users to rent computers on which to run their own computer applications. EC2 allows scalable deployment of applications by providing a web service through which a user can boot an Amazon Machine Image to create a virtual machine instance containing any software desired.

A user can create, launch, and terminate server instances as needed, paying by the hour for active servers, hence the term “elastic”. EC2 provides users with control over the geographical location of instances which allows for latency optimization and high levels of redundancy. For example, to minimize downtime, a user can set up server instances in multiple zones which are insulated from each other for most causes of failure such that one backs up the other. provides EC2 as one of several web services marketed under the Amazon Web Services (AWS) brand.

Linux Windows 2008 Windows 7 Windows Vista

Recovery Console Commands

A number of commands are available within Recovery Console, some of them exclusive to the tool.

Here is a complete list of Recovery Console commands:

  • Attrib – The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.
  • Batch – The batch command can be used to run a series of other Recovery Console commands located in a text file that you specify.
  • Bootcfg – The bootcfg command is used to build or modify the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located.
  • Chdir – The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in.
  • Chkdsk – The chkdsk command, often referred to as “check disk”, is used to identify, and often times correct, certain hard drive errors.
  • Cls – The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.
  • Copy – The copy command does simply that – it copies a single file from one location to another.
  • Delete – The delete command is used to delete a single file.
  • Dir – The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive’s serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more.
  • Disable – The disable command is used to disable a system service or a device driver.
  • Diskpart – The diskpart command is used to create or delete partitions on hard drives.
  • Enable – The enable command is used to enable a system service or a device driver.
  • Exit – The exit command ends the Recovery Console session and then restarts the computer.
  • Expand – The expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file.
  • Fixboot – The fixboot command writes a new partition boot sector to the system partition that you specify.
  • Fixmbr – The fixmbr command writes a new master boot record to the hard disk drive that you specify.
  • Format – The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify.
  • Help – The help command provides more detailed information on any of the other Recovery Console commands.
  • Listsvc – The listsvc command will list the services and drivers available in your Windows installation.
  • Logon – The logon command is used to gain access to the Windows installation that you specify.
  • Map – The map command is used to display the partition and hard drive that each drive letter on the computer is currently assigned to.
  • Mkdir – The mkdir command is used to create a new folder.
  • More – The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command performs the same function as the type command.
  • Net use – The net use command is not available in Recovery Console, even though it is listed in the “Help” system as an available command. In other areas of Windows, the net use command is used to assign a drive letter to a shared network resource.
  • Rename – The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify.
  • Rmdir – The rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder.
  • Set – The set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Recovery Console.
  • Systemroot – The systemroot command is used to set the %systemroot% environment variable as the current folder you are working in.
  • Type – The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The type command performs the same function as the more command.


Internet links may create legal liability. Despite the Internet’s initial “free linking” ethos, links can be unlawful when they are designed to confuse viewers, to evade court orders or clear statutory prohibition, or to promote illegal conduct by others. But most linking is lawful, even where the linked site claims the right to authorize and control links. Linking law, which began with the Shetland Times headline-linking case in Scotland in late 1996, now includes several United States precedents as well as a developing worldwide body of opinions on various subjects.

As new linking claims are asserted, and as new linking techniques are created, courts are being challenged to carefully analyze the practical, technological and business circumstances surrounding the claims, and to fashion sound legal principles. This Article comprehensively reviews linking claims and potential claims, including cases of direct linking, deep linking, metatags, keyword purchases, inlining, framing, and de-rivative liability. It analyzes the legal theories asserted, suggests defenses and strategies for combating linking claims, and concludes with recom-mendations for link-law policies.

Full document.

Address Book Linux Outlook

How to: Change the default contact list that displays in your Outlook address book

  • From the Tools menu, select Address Book.
  • In the new Address Book window, from the Tools menu, select Options.
  • Under “Show this address list first:”, select the appropriate listing (i.e., Personal Address Book, Global Address Book, or Outlook Address Book).
  • Click OK to save changes and exit.
Hibernate Linux Windows 7 Windows Vista

Windows Cannot Hibernate Computer with More Than 4 GB Memory

A limitation, feature or inconvenience of Windows (XP, Server 2003, Windows Vista, or Windows Server 2008) is that it cannot hibernate if it has more than 4 GB of RAM memory.  This is not a bug but by design, as Microsoft disables hibernation support on PC with more than 4GB physical memory because benchmark tests by Microsoft show that performance is poor on a computer that has more than 4 GB of memory with hibernation enabled, which requires as much disk space as RAM for the hibernation file, c:hiberfil.sys.

So if you have more than 4GB of RAM installed you won’t see the hibernation tab in the Power Options Properties dialog box.

More information from Microsoft – KB888575.

FFMPEG WGET wget examples

How to create your own YouTube Flash Video Serving site

This post at Daniel’s Random Mutterings explains exactly how to create your own video hosting site allowing users to upload video, automatically convert it to FLV and make it available for anyone to view – all with open source tools. Using a Django CMS system, FFMpeg for the FLV encoding, FLVtools2 for writing meta information, and FlowPlayer for embedding the SWF file you’ll have everything you need to get started.

Download the latest FFmpeg Windows Builds (ffmpeg.exe compiled for Windows).